Fertility Tests for Men Are Half the Picture
When couples are having trouble getting pregnant, there’s a male infertility factor involved about 50% of the time. To achieve natural pregnancy, sperm must be numerous enough, normally shaped and able to swim in the right direction. Fertility tests for men can provide answers about all of these factors, helping couples get the right treatment to achieve pregnancy and have a baby.
When a woman undergoes a diagnostic workup with her fertility expert in Las Vegas, the results of her fertility testing will be combined with the results of her partner’s testing to create a complete picture of the causes of the couple’s infertility. Together, these tests provide the detailed information the reproductive endocrinologist needs to specify the right treatment plan.
Common Fertility Tests for Men
Male infertility testing starts with your fertility specialist documenting the man’s medical and sexual history, as well as any lifestyle factors that could have an impact on his fertility.
The first and most common of the fertility tests for men is semen analysis. Through masturbation, the male partner provides a semen sample that is immediately analyzed by the andrologists at our affiliated IVF lab, Ovation Fertility™ Las Vegas.
These highly trained scientists examine the sample to determine the:
- Volume of semen produced
- Total count of sperm in the ejaculate
- Concentration, or total number of sperm in each milliliter of semen
- Motility, or percentage of sperm that are moving
- Morphology, or percentage of sperm that appear to have a normal shape
- Possibility that infection is present in the reproductive system
Your reproductive endocrinologist will study the results to learn about the quality and quantity of the male partner’s semen and sperm, determining whether a male factor is playing a role in your inability to conceive.
Of all of the fertility tests for men, oftentimes a basic semen analysis is sufficient for a diagnosis. However, if your fertility specialist needs more information or suspects an underlying cause behind abnormal semen analysis results, other tests may be ordered.
- Vital staining tests locate living sperm that may not be moving.
- An antisperm antibody test checks for proteins that can attack a man’s sperm.
- Staining and culture tests look for infection or inflammation.
- Blood tests measure sperm- and sex-related hormones, such as testosterone, FSH, LH, estradiol or prolactin.
- Genetic tests, such as a Sperm Aneuploidy Test (SAT), check for chromosome count and chromosomal defects.
Your partner may also be referred to a urologist for an evaluation to rule out any tubal blockages or other problems that could contribute to a very low sperm count or issues with sperm or semen.
In addition to these tests, your doctor will also recommend preconception genetic carrier screening to see if you or your partner are a carrier of an inheritable genetic illness.
Get the Answers You Need
If you and your partner have been trying to conceive without success for at least a year – or six months if the female partner is 35 or older – we encourage you to visit a fertility expert in Las Vegas for testing as soon as possible. Contact us to schedule a consultation, and get answers with fertility tests for men and women.