One of the best things you can do while pursuing fertility treatments is to stay educated about your sexual health. Here is all you need to know about the reproductive organs in the female and male body, in addition to the roles they play during conception.
Male and Female Reproductive System
Female Reproductive Organs
The female reproductive organs are probably one of the most important parts of the conception process. Together, these organs ready the female body for fertilization and house the developing fetus during pregnancy.
The vagina, also known as the birth canal, is the hollow canal that receives the penis during sexual intercourse and delivers a baby during childbirth. The ovaries are located on either side of the uterus and produce ova or the eggs. Every month, an egg is released into the fallopian tube, where it can meet up with sperm for fertilization. The fertilized egg then travels to the uterus where it will attach to the lining of the uterus. The uterus, or the womb, holds and nourishes a baby during pregnancy once the fertilized egg (embryo) is implanted.
Male Reproductive Organs
There are less male reproductive organs than female, but they are just as important in the process of conception. First, the penis is a cylindrical muscular organ that fills with blood during arousal. This erection makes it possible for penetration to occur during sexual intercourse.
The scrotum is a pouch-like sac that holds the testicles, or testes. The testicles are oval-shaped organs that produce sperm cells and testosterone. The sperm is released during ejaculation that happens during the male orgasm. During intercourse, the sperm travels through the vagina and past the cervix where it can meet with and fertilize the woman’s released egg.
Conception is dependent on the male partner’s sperm motility and sperm count, in addition to the healthy condition of the woman’s reproductive organs. Assisted reproductive technology can assist in the conception process if there is anything abnormal going on with the sexual organs.
Get Help with Advanced Reproductive Medicine
The Fertility Center of Las Vegas is here to help you start your family. If you have been trying to conceive for 6 months to a year with no positive results, consult our reproductive specialists. During a consultation, we will work to diagnose the cause of your infertility and start a treatment plan that works for you.